đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Fastly Private Access Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Fastly Private Access Token and how it is used?

Fastly Private Access Token is a unique alphanumeric string that serves as a secure authentication credential used to access and manage Fastly services and resources.

Fastly Private Access Token is used for:

  • Authenticating and authorizing requests to Fastly APIs: Developers can use the Private Access Token to access and manage Fastly services programmatically through the API. It helps in securely authenticating and authorizing API requests.
  • Securing access to Fastly services: By using the Private Access Token, developers can ensure that only authorized individuals or systems can interact with Fastly services, helping to prevent unauthorized access and potential security breaches.
  • Integrating with CI/CD pipelines: Private Access Tokens can be used in continuous integration and continuous deployment pipelines to automate tasks related to Fastly services, such as updating configurations or purging cache, while maintaining security and access control.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Fastly Private Access Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing Fastly Private Access Tokens in code is considered secure because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the code repository, providing an additional layer of security.
  • Access to environment variables can be restricted based on user permissions, limiting exposure to unauthorized users.
  • Environment variables can be easily rotated without having to modify the code, enhancing security in case of token compromise.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Fastly Private Access Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Fastly Private Access Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Fastly Private Access Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Fastly Private Access Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Fastly Private Access Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Fastly Private Access Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Fastly Private Access Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Fastly Private Access Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Fastly Private Access Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Fastly Private Access Token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Fastly Private Access Token?

To generate a Fastly Private Access Token, developers can follow these steps:

  1. Log in to the Fastly web interface.
  2. Go to the Account menu and select API Tokens.
  3. Click on the "Create token" button.
  4. Enter a name for the token and select the appropriate permissions.
  5. Click on the "Create token" button to generate the Private Access Token.

Once the Private Access Token is generated, developers can use it to authenticate their API requests to Fastly.

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My Fastly Private Access Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Fastly Private Access Token might have been leaked:

  • Improper storage: If the token is stored in plaintext or in an insecure location, it can easily be accessed by unauthorized parties.
  • Weak access controls: If the token is shared with individuals who do not have a legitimate need for it, there is a higher risk of it being leaked.
  • Code repositories: If the token is accidentally committed to a public code repository, it can be easily accessed by anyone browsing the repository.
  • Logging: If the token is inadvertently logged in plaintext in logs or error messages, it can be exposed to anyone with access to those logs.
  • Phishing attacks: If developers are tricked into revealing their Fastly Private Access Token through phishing emails or social engineering tactics, it can be leaked to malicious actors.

What are the risks of leaking a Fastly Private Access Token

As a security trainer, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking a Fastly Private Access Token. The Fastly Private Access Token is a sensitive piece of information that, if exposed, can lead to serious security implications. Here are some specific risks of leaking a Fastly Private Access Token:

  • Unauthorized Access: A leaked Fastly Private Access Token can be used by unauthorized individuals to gain access to sensitive data or systems within the Fastly platform.
  • Data Breach: If a Fastly Private Access Token is exposed, it can potentially lead to a data breach where confidential information is accessed, stolen, or manipulated by malicious actors.
  • Financial Loss: In the event of a security breach caused by a leaked Fastly Private Access Token, organizations may face financial losses due to legal fees, regulatory fines, and damage to their reputation.
  • Service Disruption: Misuse of a Fastly Private Access Token can result in service disruptions, downtime, or even complete loss of control over the Fastly services, impacting business operations.

It is essential for developers to handle Fastly Private Access Tokens with care and follow best practices for secret management to prevent these risks from materializing. By raising awareness and promoting good secret management practices, developers can help safeguard their organization's data and systems from potential security threats.

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Fastly Private Access Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Fastly Private Access Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Fastly Private Access Token usage and improve the overall security of your Fastly Private Access Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Fastly Private Access Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Fastly Private Access Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Fastly Private Access Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Fastly Private Access Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Fastly Private Access Token

Generate a new Fastly Private Access Token:

  • Log into your Fastly Private Access Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Fastly Private Access Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Fastly Private Access Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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