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My Akamai API Credential leaked! What should I do?

What is a Akamai API Credential and how it is used?

An Akamai API Credential is a set of authentication information used to access Akamai's application programming interfaces (APIs) for managing and controlling web traffic and content delivery services.

When working with the Akamai API Credential, developers should keep in mind the following main use cases:

  • Authentication: Akamai API Credential is used to authenticate and authorize access to Akamai APIs, allowing developers to securely interact with Akamai services and resources.
  • Automated Processes: Developers can use Akamai API Credential to automate various processes such as configuration management, content delivery, and security operations, streamlining workflows and increasing efficiency.
  • Secure Communication: Akamai API Credential ensures secure communication between applications and Akamai services, protecting sensitive data and preventing unauthorized access to resources.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Akamai API Credential hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for Akamai API credentials in your code is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of exposure if the code is shared or leaked.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the code repository, adding an extra layer of security.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and rotated without changing the code itself.
  • Access to environment variables can be restricted based on user roles and permissions, enhancing security.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Akamai API Credential hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Akamai API Credentials is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Akamai API Credential from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Akamai API Credential hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Akamai API Credentials is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Akamai API Credential using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Akamai API Credential is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Akamai API Credential hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Akamai API Credential is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Akamai API Credential from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Akamai API Credential?

To generate an Akamai API Credential, developers can follow these steps:

  1. Log in to the Akamai Control Center.
  2. Navigate to the "Identity and Access Management" section.
  3. Select "API Credentials" from the options.
  4. Click on the "Create API Credential" button.
  5. Provide a name for the credential and select the appropriate permissions.
  6. Generate the API credential and make note of the client token, client secret, and access token.

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My Akamai API Credential leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why an Akamai API Credential might have been leaked:

  • Human error: Developers may accidentally expose API credentials in code repositories or configuration files.
  • Phishing attacks: Attackers may use social engineering tactics to trick individuals into revealing their credentials.
  • Malware: If a developer's device is infected with malware, attackers may be able to steal API credentials.
  • Weak security practices: Lack of proper encryption, access controls, or monitoring can make it easier for credentials to be compromised.

What are the risks of leaking a Akamai API Credential

When it comes to Akamai API Credentials, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking such sensitive information. Here are some specific risks to consider:

  • Data Breaches: If Akamai API Credentials are leaked, malicious actors could gain unauthorized access to sensitive data or services, leading to potential data breaches.
  • Financial Loss: Unauthorized access to Akamai services using leaked credentials could result in financial loss for the organization, as attackers may exploit the services for malicious purposes.
  • Reputation Damage: A data breach or security incident resulting from leaked Akamai API Credentials can significantly damage the organization's reputation and erode customer trust.
  • Legal Consequences: Depending on the nature of the leaked information and the impact of the breach, the organization may face legal consequences, fines, or regulatory penalties.

It is essential for developers to prioritize the protection of Akamai API Credentials and implement robust security measures, such as secure storage, encryption, and access controls, to prevent unauthorized access and potential leaks.

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Akamai API Credential security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Akamai API Credential in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Akamai API Credential usage and improve the overall security of your Akamai API Credential implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Akamai API Credential leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Akamai API Credential was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Akamai API Credential account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Akamai API Credential. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Akamai API Credential

Generate a new Akamai API Credential:

  • Log into your Akamai API Credential account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Akamai API Credential:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Akamai API Credential.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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