đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Clearbit API Key leaked! What should I do?

What is a Clearbit API Key and how it is used?

A Clearbit API Key is a unique identifier that allows developers to authenticate and access the Clearbit API, which provides company and contact information for use in various applications.

When using the Clearbit API Key, developers can leverage it for the following main use cases:

  • Accessing Clearbit's data enrichment services to enhance customer profiles and improve lead qualification.
  • Integrating with Clearbit's company and person APIs to retrieve detailed information about businesses and individuals for sales and marketing purposes.
  • Utilizing Clearbit's risk detection APIs to identify and prevent fraudulent activities within their applications.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Clearbit API Key hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like API keys, such as the Clearbit API Key, is a good security practice for several reasons:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, making it easier to manage and rotate keys without changing the code itself.
  • Environment variables are not exposed in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure in version control systems or during code reviews.
  • Environment variables are specific to the environment in which the application is running, making it easier to control access to the keys based on the environment.
  • Environment variables are not visible to users of the application, adding an extra layer of security against unauthorized access to sensitive information.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Clearbit API Key hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Clearbit API Keys is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Clearbit API Key from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Clearbit API Key hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Clearbit API Keys is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Clearbit API Key using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Clearbit API Key is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Clearbit API Key hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Clearbit API Key is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Clearbit API Key from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Clearbit API Key?

To generate a Clearbit API Key, follow these steps:

  1. Go to the Clearbit website and sign up for an account.
  2. Once logged in, navigate to the API section in your account settings.
  3. Click on the option to generate a new API Key.
  4. Copy the generated API Key and securely store it for future use in your applications.

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My Clearbit API Key leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Clearbit API Key might have been leaked:

  • Improper Storage: If the API key is stored in a public repository or hardcoded in the codebase, it can be easily accessed by unauthorized users.
  • Accidental Exposure: Developers may inadvertently expose the API key in log files, error messages, or other forms of output.
  • Weak Access Controls: Inadequate access controls on the systems or services where the API key is used can lead to unauthorized access and potential leakage.
  • Phishing Attacks: Social engineering attacks or phishing scams targeting developers could result in the disclosure of API keys.
  • Insufficient Monitoring: Lack of monitoring and auditing of API key usage can make it difficult to detect unauthorized access or misuse.

What are the risks of leaking a Clearbit API Key

Developers must be aware of the risks associated with leaking a Clearbit API Key. Here are some specific risks to consider:

  • Data Breach: If a Clearbit API Key is leaked, it can be used by malicious actors to access sensitive data stored in Clearbit's databases.
  • Financial Loss: Unauthorized access to Clearbit's services using a leaked API Key can result in financial loss for the organization.
  • Reputation Damage: A data breach or misuse of a Clearbit API Key can tarnish the reputation of the organization and erode trust with customers.
  • Legal Consequences: Depending on the nature of the breach and the data accessed, legal action may be taken against the organization for failing to protect sensitive information.

It is crucial for developers to implement robust security measures to safeguard API Keys and prevent unauthorized access. This includes securely storing API Keys, restricting access to authorized personnel only, and regularly monitoring for any suspicious activity.

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Clearbit API Key security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Clearbit API Key in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Clearbit API Key usage and improve the overall security of your Clearbit API Key implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Clearbit API Key leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Clearbit API Key was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Clearbit API Key account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Clearbit API Key. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Clearbit API Key

Generate a new Clearbit API Key:

  • Log into your Clearbit API Key account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Clearbit API Key:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Clearbit API Key.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
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