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My Elastic Cloud Credential leaked! What should I do?

What is a Elastic Cloud Credential and how it is used?

An Elastic Cloud Credential is a set of sensitive information, such as usernames and passwords, that are used to authenticate and access resources in the Elastic Cloud platform.

Here are the main use cases for Elastic Cloud Credential:

  • Securely store and manage sensitive information such as API keys, passwords, and tokens.
  • Provide a centralized location for developers to access and retrieve credentials when needed for application authentication and authorization.
  • Facilitate the rotation and updating of credentials to enhance security and prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Elastic Cloud Credential hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for Elastic Cloud credentials in your code is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are stored outside of your codebase, reducing the risk of accidentally exposing sensitive information in your code.
  • Environment variables are not shared in the code repository, providing an additional layer of security against unauthorized access.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and updated without having to modify the code, making it convenient to rotate credentials regularly for enhanced security.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Elastic Cloud Credential hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Elastic Cloud Credentials is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Elastic Cloud Credential from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Elastic Cloud Credential hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Elastic Cloud Credentials is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Elastic Cloud Credential using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Elastic Cloud Credential is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Elastic Cloud Credential hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Elastic Cloud Credential is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Elastic Cloud Credential from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Elastic Cloud Credential?

To generate an Elastic Cloud Credential, follow these steps:

  • Log in to your Elastic Cloud account.
  • Go to the "Account" section.
  • Click on "API Keys" or "Credentials" tab.
  • Click on the "Generate API Key" or "Generate Credential" button.
  • Enter a name for your credential and select the desired permissions.
  • Click on the "Generate" button to create the credential.

Once the credential is generated, make sure to securely store and manage it as it will be used to authenticate your application with Elastic Cloud services.

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My Elastic Cloud Credential leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why an Elastic Cloud Credential might have been leaked:

  • Weak or easily guessable passwords
  • Storing credentials in code repositories or configuration files
  • Sharing credentials with unauthorized individuals
  • Logging sensitive information in plaintext
  • Using insecure communication channels

It is crucial for developers to follow best practices for secret management and detection to prevent such leaks and protect sensitive information.

What are the risks of leaking a Elastic Cloud Credential

As a security trainer for developers, it is crucial to understand the risks associated with leaking an Elastic Cloud Credential. Elastic Cloud Credentials are used to authenticate and access resources on the Elastic Cloud platform, and if leaked, can lead to serious security implications. Here are some specific risks developers should be aware of:

  • Unauthorized access to sensitive data: Leaking an Elastic Cloud Credential can allow unauthorized individuals to access and manipulate sensitive data stored on the Elastic Cloud platform.
  • Data breaches: A leaked credential can result in a data breach, compromising the confidentiality and integrity of the data stored on the Elastic Cloud platform.
  • Financial losses: Unauthorized access to Elastic Cloud resources can lead to financial losses, as attackers may incur charges by using the leaked credentials to deploy and run resources.
  • Reputation damage: A security incident resulting from a leaked credential can damage the reputation of the organization, leading to loss of customer trust and business opportunities.

It is important for developers to follow best practices for secret management and detection to prevent the leakage of Elastic Cloud Credentials and mitigate these risks. This includes securely storing credentials, restricting access to sensitive information, monitoring for unauthorized access, and regularly rotating credentials to limit exposure.

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Elastic Cloud Credential security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Elastic Cloud Credential in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Elastic Cloud Credential usage and improve the overall security of your Elastic Cloud Credential implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Elastic Cloud Credential leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Elastic Cloud Credential was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Elastic Cloud Credential account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Elastic Cloud Credential. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Elastic Cloud Credential

Generate a new Elastic Cloud Credential:

  • Log into your Elastic Cloud Credential account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Elastic Cloud Credential:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Elastic Cloud Credential.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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