đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Codecov API key leaked! What should I do?

What is a Codecov API key and how it is used?

A Codecov API key is a unique identifier that allows access to the Codecov API, enabling developers to integrate Codecov's code coverage and reporting services into their projects.

When it comes to understanding the usage of the Codecov API key, developers should be aware of the following main use cases:

  • Authentication: The Codecov API key is used for authenticating and authorizing requests made to the Codecov API. It acts as a secure identifier to ensure that only authorized users can access and interact with Codecov's services.
  • Integration with CI/CD pipelines: Developers use the Codecov API key to integrate Codecov's code coverage reporting into their continuous integration and continuous deployment pipelines. This allows for automated code coverage analysis and reporting as part of the development workflow.
  • Secure storage and management: Proper handling of the Codecov API key is crucial for maintaining the security of sensitive information. Developers should ensure that the API key is securely stored, managed, and not exposed in public repositories to prevent unauthorized access and potential security breaches.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Codecov API key hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like a Codecov API key is considered secure for the following reasons:

  • Environment variables are not hardcoded in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure through version control or code sharing.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the codebase and are not visible in the source code, making it harder for attackers to access the sensitive information.
  • Environment variables can be managed securely on the server or deployment platform, allowing for easy rotation and updates without changing the code.
  • Environment variables can be restricted to specific users or services, limiting access to only authorized entities.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Codecov API key hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Codecov API keys is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Codecov API key from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Codecov API key hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Codecov API keys is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Codecov API key using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Codecov API key is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Codecov API key hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Codecov API key is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Codecov API key from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Codecov API key?

To generate a Codecov API key, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your Codecov account.
  2. Go to your account settings or profile settings.
  3. Look for the API key section and click on "Generate API key" or similar option.
  4. Copy the generated API key and keep it secure.

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My Codecov API key leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Codecov API key might have been leaked:

  • Accidental inclusion in code repositories: Developers may accidentally commit and push code that contains the API key, making it accessible to anyone who has access to the repository.
  • Improper storage: Storing the API key in an insecure location, such as a plaintext file or a configuration file that is not properly secured, can lead to leaks.
  • Sharing credentials: Sharing the API key with unauthorized individuals or including it in shared code snippets can also result in leaks.
  • Weak access controls: Inadequate access controls on repositories or systems where the API key is stored can make it easier for unauthorized users to access and misuse the key.

What are the risks of leaking a Codecov API key

When it comes to secret management, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking a Codecov API key. Codecov API keys are sensitive pieces of information that, if exposed, can lead to significant security breaches and data leaks. Here are some specific risks of leaking a Codecov API key:

  • Unauthorized Access: An exposed Codecov API key can allow unauthorized individuals to access and manipulate your Codecov account, potentially compromising sensitive data and code.
  • Data Breaches: A leaked API key can be used to access and extract confidential information stored in your Codecov account, leading to data breaches and privacy violations.
  • Code Manipulation: With access to your Codecov account through a leaked API key, malicious actors can alter your code, inject malware, or introduce vulnerabilities without your knowledge.
  • Reputational Damage: A security incident resulting from a leaked API key can tarnish your organization's reputation, erode trust with customers, and lead to financial losses.

Therefore, it is essential for developers to prioritize the secure management of Codecov API keys and implement robust security measures to prevent leaks and unauthorized access. By understanding the risks involved, developers can take proactive steps to safeguard their Codecov API keys and protect their code and data from potential threats.

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Codecov API key security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Codecov API key in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Codecov API key usage and improve the overall security of your Codecov API key implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Codecov API key leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Codecov API key was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Codecov API key account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Codecov API key. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Codecov API key

Generate a new Codecov API key:

  • Log into your Codecov API key account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Codecov API key:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Codecov API key.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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