Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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My Coveralls Personal Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Coveralls Personal Token and how it is used?

A Coveralls Personal Token is a unique authentication key that allows users to securely access and manage their account on the Coveralls code coverage platform.

When using Coveralls, developers should understand the main use cases for the Coveralls Personal Token:

  • Authentication: The Coveralls Personal Token is used for authenticating the user and granting access to their Coveralls account.
  • Integration: Developers use the Personal Token to integrate Coveralls with their code repositories, enabling code coverage tracking and analysis.
  • Secure Access: The Personal Token acts as a secure way to access and interact with Coveralls API, ensuring that sensitive data is protected.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Coveralls Personal Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like Coveralls Personal Token in your code is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure in version control systems.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the codebase and are not visible in the source code, making it harder for attackers to access them.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and rotated without changing the code, enhancing security and reducing the risk of unauthorized access.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Coveralls Personal Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Coveralls Personal Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Coveralls Personal Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Coveralls Personal Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Coveralls Personal Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Coveralls Personal Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Coveralls Personal Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Coveralls Personal Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Coveralls Personal Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Coveralls Personal Token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Coveralls Personal Token?

To generate a Coveralls Personal Token, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your Coveralls account.
  2. Go to your account settings.
  3. Click on the "Generate Token" button.
  4. A unique personal token will be generated for you.
  5. Copy the token and securely store it as it will be needed for authentication.

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My Coveralls Personal Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Coveralls Personal Token might have been leaked:

  • Improper storage: If the token was stored in a public repository or in a file that was accessible to unauthorized users, it could have been easily leaked.
  • Accidental exposure: Developers may have inadvertently included the token in code snippets, configuration files, or logs that were shared publicly.
  • Weak access controls: If the token was shared with too many individuals or stored in a location with lax access controls, it could have been compromised.
  • Phishing attacks: Hackers may have used phishing techniques to trick developers into revealing their token unknowingly.
  • Malware: If a developer's system was infected with malware, it could have captured the token and sent it to malicious actors.

What are the risks of leaking a Coveralls Personal Token

Developers must understand the risks associated with leaking a Coveralls Personal Token. This specific token is used for authenticating and authorizing access to Coveralls services, and if it falls into the wrong hands, it can lead to various security threats and compromises. Here are some of the risks:

  • Unauthorized access: Leaking the Coveralls Personal Token can allow unauthorized individuals to access and manipulate sensitive data and resources within the Coveralls platform.
  • Data breaches: If the token is exposed, it can potentially lead to data breaches, where confidential information stored on Coveralls may be accessed, stolen, or tampered with.
  • Account takeover: Hackers can use the leaked token to take over developer accounts on Coveralls, gaining control over projects, repositories, and other assets.
  • Reputation damage: A security incident resulting from a leaked token can damage the reputation of the developer and their organization, leading to loss of trust from users and partners.
  • Financial losses: In some cases, a security breach caused by a leaked token can result in financial losses due to legal fines, compensation to affected parties, and remediation costs.
It is crucial for developers to handle and store their Coveralls Personal Token securely, following best practices for secret management and detection to prevent any inadvertent leaks that could lead to these risks.

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Coveralls Personal Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Coveralls Personal Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Coveralls Personal Token usage and improve the overall security of your Coveralls Personal Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Coveralls Personal Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Coveralls Personal Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Coveralls Personal Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Coveralls Personal Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Coveralls Personal Token

Generate a new Coveralls Personal Token:

  • Log into your Coveralls Personal Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Coveralls Personal Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Coveralls Personal Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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