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My Azure Cosmos DB Credential leaked! What should I do?

What is a Azure Cosmos DB Credential and how it is used?

An Azure Cosmos DB Credential is a set of authentication information used to access and interact with an Azure Cosmos DB database, such as a username and password or a security token.

When it comes to Azure Cosmos DB Credential, developers should understand its main use cases:

  • Securely authenticate and authorize access to Azure Cosmos DB resources
  • Protect sensitive information, such as connection strings and keys, used to access the database
  • Ensure proper access control and permission management within Azure Cosmos DB

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1. Code snippets to prevent Azure Cosmos DB Credential hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for Azure Cosmos DB credentials in your code is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure in version control systems.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the codebase and are not visible to users who may have access to the code.
  • Environment variables can be managed centrally and securely within the deployment environment, allowing for easy rotation and management of credentials.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Azure Cosmos DB Credential hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Azure Cosmos DB Credentials is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Azure Cosmos DB Credential from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Azure Cosmos DB Credential hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Azure Cosmos DB Credentials is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Azure Cosmos DB Credential using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Azure Cosmos DB Credential is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Azure Cosmos DB Credential hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Azure Cosmos DB Credential is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Azure Cosmos DB Credential from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Azure Cosmos DB Credential?

To generate an Azure Cosmos DB credential, follow these steps:

  1. Sign in to the Azure portal
  2. Go to your Cosmos DB account
  3. Click on the "Keys" tab
  4. Under the "Read-write keys" section, click on the "Show keys" button
  5. Copy either the primary or secondary key

Now you can use this key as the credential to authenticate and access your Azure Cosmos DB instance in your application.

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My Azure Cosmos DB Credential leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why an Azure Cosmos DB credential might have been leaked:

  • Weak or easily guessable passwords
  • Storing credentials in code repositories
  • Logging sensitive information to insecure locations
  • Sharing credentials with unauthorized individuals
  • Accidental exposure through misconfigured permissions

It is important for developers to follow best practices for secret management, such as using secure password policies, storing credentials in secure vaults, avoiding hardcoding credentials in code, and implementing proper access controls to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive information.

What are the risks of leaking a Azure Cosmos DB Credential

When it comes to Azure Cosmos DB credentials, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking such sensitive information. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Unauthorized Access: If Azure Cosmos DB credentials are leaked, unauthorized individuals or malicious actors could gain access to your database, potentially compromising sensitive data stored within.
  • Data Breaches: Leaked credentials could lead to data breaches, resulting in financial losses, reputational damage, and legal consequences for your organization.
  • Cost Implications: In the event of a security breach due to leaked credentials, your organization may incur significant costs related to investigating the breach, remediation efforts, and potential regulatory fines.
  • Impact on Customers: A security incident resulting from leaked Azure Cosmos DB credentials can erode customer trust and loyalty, leading to customer churn and negative impacts on your business reputation.
  • Compliance Violations: Depending on the industry you operate in, leaking Azure Cosmos DB credentials could result in non-compliance with data protection regulations such as GDPR, HIPAA, or PCI DSS, exposing your organization to legal liabilities.

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Azure Cosmos DB Credential security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Azure Cosmos DB Credential in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Azure Cosmos DB Credential usage and improve the overall security of your Azure Cosmos DB Credential implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Azure Cosmos DB Credential leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Azure Cosmos DB Credential was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Azure Cosmos DB Credential account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Azure Cosmos DB Credential. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Azure Cosmos DB Credential

Generate a new Azure Cosmos DB Credential:

  • Log into your Azure Cosmos DB Credential account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Azure Cosmos DB Credential:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Azure Cosmos DB Credential.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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