Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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My Clarifai API Key leaked! What should I do?

What is a Clarifai API Key and how it is used?

An API Key for the Clarifai API is a unique identifier that grants access to the Clarifai platform, allowing developers to authenticate and interact with the API to utilize its image and video recognition capabilities.

When using the Clarifai API Key, developers should understand the following main use cases:

  • Accessing the Clarifai API: The API Key is used to authenticate and authorize access to the Clarifai API, allowing developers to make requests for image and video recognition services.
  • Protecting sensitive information: The API Key should be securely stored and managed to prevent unauthorized access and usage, helping to protect sensitive data and resources.
  • Monitoring and tracking usage: Developers can use the API Key to monitor and track usage of the Clarifai API, enabling them to analyze performance, troubleshoot issues, and optimize resource usage.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Clarifai API Key hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like API keys, such as the Clarifai API Key, is a secure practice for several reasons:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure through version control systems or code sharing.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the codebase, making it more difficult for attackers to access the sensitive information.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and updated without having to modify the code, providing a convenient way to rotate keys regularly for better security.
  • Environment variables are specific to the environment in which the code is running, limiting the exposure of the sensitive information to only authorized systems and users.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Clarifai API Key hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Clarifai API Keys is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Clarifai API Key from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Clarifai API Key hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Clarifai API Keys is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Clarifai API Key using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Clarifai API Key is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Clarifai API Key hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Clarifai API Key is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Clarifai API Key from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Clarifai API Key?

To generate a Clarifai API Key, developers need to follow these steps:

  1. Sign in to the Clarifai website or create a new account if you don't have one.
  2. Once logged in, go to the "Account" section of the website.
  3. Click on the "API Keys" tab to access the API Keys management page.
  4. Click on the "Create API Key" button to generate a new API key.
  5. Give your API key a name and select the appropriate permissions for your application.
  6. After configuring the settings, click on the "Create API Key" button to generate the key.
  7. Your new API key will be displayed on the screen. Copy and save this key securely as it will be needed to authenticate your requests to the Clarifai API.

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My Clarifai API Key leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Clarifai API Key might have been leaked:

  • Improper storage: If the API key is stored in a public repository or in a file that is accessible to unauthorized users, it can easily be leaked.
  • Hardcoding: Developers sometimes hardcode API keys directly into their code, making it vulnerable to exposure if the code is shared or leaked.
  • Logging: If API keys are logged in plaintext in log files, they can be easily accessed by attackers who gain access to the logs.
  • Third-party services: Using third-party services that do not follow best practices for handling API keys can also lead to leaks.

What are the risks of leaking a Clarifai API Key

When it comes to the Clarifai API Key, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking it. Here are some specific risks that developers should be aware of:

  • Unauthorized Access: If the Clarifai API Key is leaked, unauthorized individuals or entities may gain access to sensitive data and information.
  • Data Breach: A leaked API Key can potentially lead to a data breach, compromising the security and integrity of the system.
  • Financial Loss: Unauthorized access to the Clarifai API Key could result in financial loss due to misuse of resources or unauthorized transactions.
  • Reputation Damage: A security breach caused by a leaked API Key can damage the reputation of the developer or organization responsible for the application.
  • Legal Consequences: Depending on the nature of the data accessed through the Clarifai API Key, there may be legal consequences for the developer or organization.

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Clarifai API Key security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Clarifai API Key in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Clarifai API Key usage and improve the overall security of your Clarifai API Key implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Clarifai API Key leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Clarifai API Key was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Clarifai API Key account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Clarifai API Key. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Clarifai API Key

Generate a new Clarifai API Key:

  • Log into your Clarifai API Key account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Clarifai API Key:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Clarifai API Key.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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