đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Dynatrace token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Dynatrace token and how it is used?

A Dynatrace token is a unique identifier that grants access to the Dynatrace platform and allows for monitoring and analysis of applications and infrastructure performance.

When it comes to Dynatrace tokens, developers should understand the following main use cases:

  • Authentication: Dynatrace tokens are used for authenticating and authorizing API requests to the Dynatrace platform. This ensures that only authorized users or applications can access and interact with the platform's resources.
  • Integration: Dynatrace tokens are often used in the integration of Dynatrace with other tools and services. By providing a token, developers can securely connect Dynatrace to various third-party applications for data exchange and automation.
  • Monitoring: Dynatrace tokens play a crucial role in monitoring and tracking performance metrics and data within the Dynatrace environment. These tokens enable the collection of valuable insights and analytics for better decision-making and optimization of applications.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Dynatrace token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables to store sensitive information such as Dynatrace tokens in your code is a secure practice for the following reasons:

  • Environment variables are stored outside of your codebase, reducing the risk of exposing sensitive information through version control or code sharing.
  • Environment variables are typically managed by the operating system or deployment platform, providing an additional layer of security compared to hardcoding tokens directly in your code.
  • By using environment variables, you can easily update or change tokens without modifying your code, making it easier to rotate and manage secrets securely.
  • Access to environment variables can be restricted based on user permissions, limiting the exposure of sensitive information to only authorized users or processes.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Dynatrace token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Dynatrace tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Dynatrace token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Dynatrace token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Dynatrace tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Dynatrace token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Dynatrace token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Dynatrace token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Dynatrace token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Dynatrace token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Dynatrace token?

To generate a Dynatrace token, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your Dynatrace account.
  2. Go to the settings page.
  3. Click on "API Tokens" in the navigation menu.
  4. Click on the "Generate token" button.
  5. Give your token a name and select the required permissions.
  6. Click on "Generate" to create the token.

Once the token is generated, make sure to copy and securely store it as it will be needed for making API calls to the Dynatrace platform.

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My Dynatrace token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Dynatrace token might have been leaked:

  • Improper storage: Storing the token in a publicly accessible location, such as a code repository or a shared document, can lead to leakage.
  • Accidental exposure: Developers may inadvertently include the token in code snippets, logs, or error messages that are exposed to the public.
  • Third-party integrations: Integrating Dynatrace with other services or tools that do not follow secure practices can result in token leakage.
  • Insufficient access controls: Weak access controls on systems or applications where the token is used can make it easier for unauthorized users to obtain the token.
  • Phishing attacks: Social engineering tactics, such as phishing emails or fake websites, can trick individuals into revealing their Dynatrace tokens.

What are the risks of leaking a Dynatrace token

When it comes to Dynatrace tokens, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking such sensitive information. Here are some specific risks of leaking a Dynatrace token:

  • Unauthorized Access: If a Dynatrace token is leaked, unauthorized individuals or malicious actors could gain access to sensitive data and resources within the Dynatrace platform.
  • Data Breach: Leaking a Dynatrace token could potentially lead to a data breach, exposing confidential information and putting the organization at risk of regulatory fines and reputational damage.
  • Financial Loss: A leaked Dynatrace token could be exploited to incur financial losses, such as unauthorized usage of paid services or theft of sensitive financial information.
  • Service Disruption: In the wrong hands, a Dynatrace token could be used to disrupt services, leading to downtime, loss of productivity, and damage to the organization's operations.

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Dynatrace token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Dynatrace token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Dynatrace token usage and improve the overall security of your Dynatrace token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Dynatrace token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Dynatrace token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Dynatrace token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Dynatrace token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Dynatrace token

Generate a new Dynatrace token:

  • Log into your Dynatrace token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Dynatrace token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Dynatrace token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
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