đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Clockwork API Key leaked! What should I do?

What is a Clockwork API Key and how it is used?

A Clockwork API Key is a unique identifier that allows access to Clockwork's API services. It should be kept secure and never shared publicly to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive data.

Here are the main use cases for the Clockwork API Key:

  • Authentication: The Clockwork API Key is used to authenticate and authorize access to the Clockwork API, allowing developers to securely interact with the messaging service.
  • Message Sending: Developers use the Clockwork API Key to send SMS messages programmatically, enabling them to integrate SMS functionality into their applications.
  • Monitoring and Reporting: The Clockwork API Key is also used to track usage, monitor message delivery status, and generate reports on SMS activity for analysis and optimization purposes.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Clockwork API Key hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like API keys, such as the Clockwork API Key, is a good security practice for several reasons:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, making it more difficult for attackers to access them.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the code repository, reducing the risk of exposure in case of a breach.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and rotated without having to modify the code, enhancing security and compliance.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Clockwork API Key hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Clockwork API Keys is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Clockwork API Key from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Clockwork API Key hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Clockwork API Keys is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Clockwork API Key using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Clockwork API Key is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Clockwork API Key hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Clockwork API Key is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Clockwork API Key from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Clockwork API Key?

To generate a Clockwork API Key, developers need to follow these steps:

  1. Log in to the Clockwork dashboard.
  2. Go to the "API" section in the dashboard menu.
  3. Click on the "Generate API Key" button.
  4. Provide a name for the API Key to easily identify it.
  5. Click on the "Generate" button to create the API Key.

Once the API Key is generated, developers can use it to authenticate their requests to the Clockwork API and access its functionalities.

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My Clockwork API Key leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Clockwork API Key might have been leaked:

  • Improper storage: If the API key is stored in plain text in a code repository or configuration file that is publicly accessible, it can easily be leaked.
  • Accidental exposure: Developers might accidentally include the API key in error messages, logs, or other places where sensitive information can be exposed.
  • Weak access controls: If the API key is shared with too many individuals or stored in a location with lax access controls, it increases the risk of unauthorized access and potential leakage.
  • Phishing attacks: Social engineering attacks or phishing attempts can trick developers into revealing their API keys unknowingly.

What are the risks of leaking a Clockwork API Key

Developers must understand the risks associated with leaking a Clockwork API Key. The Clockwork API Key is a sensitive piece of information that, if exposed, can lead to various security threats and consequences. Here are some specific risks:

  • Data Breach: An exposed API Key can be used by malicious actors to access and steal sensitive data stored in the application.
  • Unauthorized Access: Attackers can use the API Key to gain unauthorized access to the application's resources and perform malicious activities.
  • Financial Loss: If the API Key is misused, it can result in financial losses for the organization, such as unauthorized charges or fraudulent transactions.
  • Reputation Damage: A security breach due to a leaked API Key can damage the organization's reputation and erode trust among customers and stakeholders.

Therefore, developers must prioritize the protection of API Keys and follow best practices for secret management to prevent leaks and mitigate the risks associated with unauthorized access.

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Clockwork API Key security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Clockwork API Key in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Clockwork API Key usage and improve the overall security of your Clockwork API Key implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Clockwork API Key leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Clockwork API Key was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Clockwork API Key account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Clockwork API Key. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Clockwork API Key

Generate a new Clockwork API Key:

  • Log into your Clockwork API Key account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Clockwork API Key:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Clockwork API Key.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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