đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Coveralls Repo Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Coveralls Repo Token and how it is used?

A Coveralls Repo Token is a unique authentication token used to securely link a GitHub repository to the Coveralls code coverage service, allowing developers to track and analyze test coverage metrics for their code.

When it comes to Coveralls Repo Token, developers primarily use it for the following main use cases:

  • Securely authenticate and authorize the integration of their code repositories with the Coveralls service for code coverage analysis.
  • Ensure that only authorized individuals or systems can access and interact with the code coverage data generated by their projects.
  • Facilitate the automatic reporting of code coverage metrics to the Coveralls platform, enabling developers to track and improve the quality of their code over time.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Coveralls Repo Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for the Coveralls Repo Token in your code is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of exposure in case of a breach.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the code repository, providing an additional layer of security.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and updated without requiring changes to the code itself.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Coveralls Repo Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Coveralls Repo Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Coveralls Repo Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Coveralls Repo Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Coveralls Repo Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Coveralls Repo Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Coveralls Repo Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Coveralls Repo Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Coveralls Repo Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Coveralls Repo Token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Coveralls Repo Token?

To generate a Coveralls Repo Token, follow these steps:

  1. Go to the Coveralls website and sign in to your account.
  2. Click on your profile icon in the top right corner and select "Your Repos".
  3. Find the repository for which you want to generate a token and click on it.
  4. Click on the "Settings" tab.
  5. Scroll down to the "Repo Token" section and click on the "Regenerate token" button.
  6. Copy the newly generated token and use it in your project for tracking test coverage.

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My Coveralls Repo Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Coveralls Repo Token might have been leaked:

  • Improperly stored credentials: If the token was stored in a configuration file or code repository without proper encryption or access controls, it could have been easily accessed by unauthorized parties.
  • Accidental exposure: Developers may have inadvertently included the token in code snippets shared online, in public repositories, or in forums, exposing it to potential attackers.
  • Weak authentication: If the token was not adequately protected with strong authentication mechanisms, such as multi-factor authentication, it could have been compromised through credential theft or brute force attacks.
  • Third-party vulnerabilities: If the token was leaked due to vulnerabilities in third-party services or tools integrated with Coveralls, attackers could exploit those weaknesses to gain unauthorized access.

What are the risks of leaking a Coveralls Repo Token

Developers need to be aware of the risks associated with leaking a Coveralls Repo Token. This token is a sensitive piece of information that, if exposed, can lead to potential security threats and compromises. Here are some specific risks developers should be mindful of:

  • Unauthorized access to the repository: Leaking the Coveralls Repo Token can allow unauthorized individuals to gain access to the repository, potentially leading to the theft or manipulation of sensitive code and data.
  • Compromised build and test data: With access to the repo token, attackers can manipulate build and test data reported to Coveralls, leading to inaccurate code coverage reports and potentially masking vulnerabilities or issues in the codebase.
  • Exposure of sensitive information: The Coveralls Repo Token may be linked to other services or platforms, and its exposure can lead to the exposure of additional sensitive information and credentials, further escalating the security risk.

It is crucial for developers to follow best practices in secret management and ensure that sensitive tokens like the Coveralls Repo Token are securely stored and never exposed in public repositories or shared in insecure channels.

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Coveralls Repo Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Coveralls Repo Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Coveralls Repo Token usage and improve the overall security of your Coveralls Repo Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Coveralls Repo Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Coveralls Repo Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Coveralls Repo Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Coveralls Repo Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Coveralls Repo Token

Generate a new Coveralls Repo Token:

  • Log into your Coveralls Repo Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Coveralls Repo Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Coveralls Repo Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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