đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My IBM Cloud Key leaked! What should I do?

What is a IBM Cloud Key and how it is used?

The IBM Cloud Key Protect service is a cloud-based key management service that helps developers securely store, manage, and control access to their encryption keys.

When using the IBM Cloud Key, developers can utilize it for the following main use cases:

  • Securely store and manage sensitive information such as API keys, passwords, and encryption keys.
  • Enable secure access to resources and services by providing a centralized location for managing and retrieving secrets.
  • Facilitate the integration of secrets into applications and workflows without exposing them in code or configuration files.

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1. Code snippets to prevent IBM Cloud Key hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing IBM Cloud Key in your code is a secure practice for the following reasons:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the code, which reduces the risk of exposing sensitive information.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the codebase, making it harder for attackers to access the keys directly from the code.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and updated without changing the code, improving the overall security posture of the application.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent IBM Cloud Key hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage IBM Cloud Keys is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the IBM Cloud Key from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent IBM Cloud Key hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing IBM Cloud Keys is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a IBM Cloud Key using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the IBM Cloud Key is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent IBM Cloud Key hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage IBM Cloud Key is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the IBM Cloud Key from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a IBM Cloud Key?

To generate an IBM Cloud Key, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your IBM Cloud account.
  2. Go to the "Manage" section and select "Access (IAM)".
  3. Click on "API keys" in the left-hand menu.
  4. Click on the "Create an IBM Cloud API key" button.
  5. Give your API key a name and description for easy identification.
  6. Choose the appropriate access policies for your API key.
  7. Click on the "Create" button to generate your IBM Cloud Key.

Once you have generated your IBM Cloud Key, make sure to securely store it as it will be used for authenticating and authorizing API requests to IBM Cloud services.

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My IBM Cloud Key leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why an IBM Cloud Key might have been leaked:

  • Weak access controls: If the access controls for the IBM Cloud Key were not properly configured or were too permissive, unauthorized users may have been able to access and leak the key.
  • Human error: A developer or administrator may have accidentally exposed the IBM Cloud Key in code, configuration files, or in a public repository.
  • Phishing attacks: A phishing attack targeting a developer or administrator could have led to the IBM Cloud Key being compromised and leaked to malicious actors.
  • Insufficient encryption: If the IBM Cloud Key was not properly encrypted or stored securely, it could have been vulnerable to theft or interception.
  • Malware or hacking: If the system or network where the IBM Cloud Key was stored was compromised by malware or hackers, the key could have been stolen and leaked.

What are the risks of leaking a IBM Cloud Key

When it comes to IBM Cloud Keys, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking these sensitive credentials. Here are some specific risks of leaking an IBM Cloud Key:

  • Data Breach: Leaking an IBM Cloud Key can potentially lead to a data breach, exposing sensitive information stored in the cloud.
  • Unauthorized Access: Hackers or malicious actors can use leaked IBM Cloud Keys to gain unauthorized access to your IBM Cloud resources, compromising the security of your applications and data.
  • Financial Loss: Leaked IBM Cloud Keys can be exploited to incur financial losses, such as unauthorized usage of cloud resources leading to increased billing.
  • Reputation Damage: A data breach or security incident resulting from a leaked IBM Cloud Key can tarnish the reputation of your organization and erode trust with customers.

It is essential for developers to follow best practices for secret management and detection to prevent the leakage of IBM Cloud Keys and mitigate these risks effectively.

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IBM Cloud Key security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the IBM Cloud Key in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with IBM Cloud Key usage and improve the overall security of your IBM Cloud Key implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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IBM Cloud Key leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if IBM Cloud Key was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your IBM Cloud Key account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with IBM Cloud Key. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the IBM Cloud Key

Generate a new IBM Cloud Key:

  • Log into your IBM Cloud Key account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old IBM Cloud Key:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your IBM Cloud Key.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
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