Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

GET REPORT

Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

GET REPORT
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
.

[---

My GitLab Personal Access Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a GitLab Personal Access Token and how it is used?

A GitLab Personal Access Token is a unique code generated by GitLab that allows users to authenticate and access GitLab resources securely without using their password.

GitLab Personal Access Token is used for:

  • Authenticating with the GitLab API: Developers can use the token to authenticate themselves when interacting with the GitLab API, enabling them to perform various actions such as pushing code, creating issues, and managing projects.
  • CI/CD Pipelines: The token can be used in CI/CD pipelines to securely access and interact with GitLab repositories, allowing for automated testing, building, and deployment processes.
  • Integrating with Third-Party Tools: Developers can use the token to integrate GitLab with third-party tools and services, enabling seamless collaboration and automation across different platforms.

---]

[---

1. Code snippets to prevent GitLab Personal Access Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like GitLab Personal Access Tokens is considered a secure practice for the following reasons:

  • Environment variables are not stored in the codebase or version control system, reducing the risk of exposure through accidental leaks or unauthorized access.
  • Environment variables are specific to the environment in which the code is running, making it easier to manage and rotate credentials without impacting the code itself.
  • Access to environment variables can be restricted based on user permissions, limiting the number of individuals who have direct access to sensitive information.
  • Environment variables can be encrypted or obfuscated, adding an extra layer of security to protect the sensitive data from being easily readable.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

--

---]

[---

2. Code snippet to prevent GitLab Personal Access Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage GitLab Personal Access Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the GitLab Personal Access Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

--

---]

[---

3. Code snippet to prevent GitLab Personal Access Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing GitLab Personal Access Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a GitLab Personal Access Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the GitLab Personal Access Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

--

---]

[---

4. Code snippet to prevent GitLab Personal Access Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage GitLab Personal Access Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the GitLab Personal Access Token from CyberArk Conjur.

--

---]

[---

How to generate a GitLab Personal Access Token?

To generate a GitLab Personal Access Token, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your GitLab account.
  2. Click on your profile avatar in the top right corner and select "Settings".
  3. In the left sidebar, click on "Access Tokens" under the "User Settings" section.
  4. Under the "Personal Access Tokens" section, click on the "Create a personal access token" button.
  5. Fill in the details for your token, such as name, expiration date, and scopes.
  6. Click on the "Create personal access token" button.
  7. Copy the generated token and store it in a secure place. Note that you won't be able to see it again.

---]

[---

My GitLab Personal Access Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a GitLab Personal Access Token might have been leaked:

  • Weak password: If the token was created with a weak or easily guessable password, it could have been compromised through brute force attacks.
  • Sharing the token: If the token was shared with unauthorized users or stored in a publicly accessible location, it could have been leaked unintentionally.
  • Accidental exposure: Developers may accidentally include the token in code, configuration files, or other public repositories, leading to its exposure.
  • Phishing attacks: Hackers may use phishing techniques to trick developers into revealing their access tokens unknowingly.
  • Malware or keyloggers: If a developer's system is infected with malware or keyloggers, it could capture the token when entered.

What are the risks of leaking a GitLab Personal Access Token

When it comes to GitLab Personal Access Tokens, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking such tokens. Below are some specific risks to consider:

  • Unauthorized Access: If a GitLab Personal Access Token is leaked, unauthorized individuals could gain access to the developer's GitLab account and potentially sensitive information stored within.
  • Data Breach: Leaking a Personal Access Token could lead to a data breach, where confidential data stored on GitLab could be compromised.
  • Code Execution: Attackers could potentially use a leaked GitLab Personal Access Token to execute malicious code within the developer's projects or repositories.
  • Reputation Damage: A security incident resulting from a leaked token could damage the developer's reputation and credibility within the industry.

It is essential for developers to handle GitLab Personal Access Tokens with care, ensuring they are stored securely and not shared or exposed in any way. By following best practices for secret management and detection, developers can mitigate the risks associated with leaking such sensitive information.

---]

[---

GitLab Personal Access Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the GitLab Personal Access Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with GitLab Personal Access Token usage and improve the overall security of your GitLab Personal Access Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

---]

[---

GitLab Personal Access Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if GitLab Personal Access Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your GitLab Personal Access Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with GitLab Personal Access Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

---]

[---

Steps to revoke the GitLab Personal Access Token

Generate a new GitLab Personal Access Token:

  • Log into your GitLab Personal Access Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old GitLab Personal Access Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

---]

[---

How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your GitLab Personal Access Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

---]

[---

What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

---]

Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
{{this.title}}
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
{{clipboardIconText}}
This is placeholder code