Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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My Grafana Service Account Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Grafana Service Account Token and how it is used?

A Grafana Service Account Token is a token used to authenticate and authorize requests made to the Grafana API on behalf of a service or application, providing secure access to Grafana resources.

When it comes to Grafana Service Account Token, developers should understand its main use cases:

  • Authentication: The Grafana Service Account Token is used for authenticating and authorizing access to Grafana API and resources. It acts as a credential to verify the identity of the service account making requests.
  • API Access: Developers can use the Grafana Service Account Token to interact with Grafana's API programmatically. This allows for automated operations such as creating dashboards, managing users, and accessing data sources.
  • Integration with External Systems: Service Account Tokens can be used to integrate Grafana with other systems or services, enabling secure communication and data exchange between Grafana and external platforms.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Grafana Service Account Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like a Grafana Service Account Token is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not stored in the codebase or version control system, reducing the risk of exposure.
  • They can be easily managed and updated without changing the code, enhancing security by minimizing the chances of accidental leaks.
  • Environment variables are specific to the environment in which the code is running, limiting access to the sensitive information to authorized personnel only.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Grafana Service Account Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Grafana Service Account Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Grafana Service Account Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Grafana Service Account Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Grafana Service Account Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Grafana Service Account Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Grafana Service Account Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Grafana Service Account Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Grafana Service Account Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Grafana Service Account Token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Grafana Service Account Token?

Generating a Grafana Service Account Token involves the following steps:

  1. Log in to your Grafana instance.
  2. Go to the Configuration menu and select API Keys.
  3. Click on the "Create API Key" button.
  4. Give your API key a name and choose the appropriate role for it.
  5. Click on the "Add" button to generate the token.

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My Grafana Service Account Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Grafana Service Account Token might have been leaked:

  • Improper storage: If the token is stored in an insecure location, such as a public repository or in plaintext within code, it can easily be accessed by unauthorized individuals.
  • Weak access controls: If the token is shared with individuals who do not have a legitimate need for it, there is a higher risk of it being leaked unintentionally.
  • Unintentional exposure: Developers may accidentally include the token in logs, error messages, or other output, leading to inadvertent exposure.
  • Compromised systems: If the system where the token is stored or used is compromised by attackers, they may be able to access and leak the token.

What are the risks of leaking a Grafana Service Account Token

Leaking a Grafana Service Account Token can pose significant risks to the security of your application and data. It is important for developers to understand the potential consequences in order to prioritize the protection of these sensitive credentials.

  • Unauthorized Access: If a Grafana Service Account Token is leaked, malicious actors could potentially gain unauthorized access to your Grafana instance. This could allow them to view sensitive data, make unauthorized changes, or disrupt the functionality of your application.
  • Data Breach: A compromised Grafana Service Account Token could lead to a data breach, exposing sensitive information stored within your Grafana instance. This could have serious consequences for your organization, including financial losses and damage to your reputation.
  • Account Takeover: With access to a Grafana Service Account Token, attackers could potentially take over the account associated with the token. This could enable them to impersonate legitimate users, manipulate data, and carry out further attacks within your system.
  • Security Vulnerabilities: Leaked tokens can also introduce security vulnerabilities into your application. Attackers may use the token to exploit weaknesses in your system, leading to additional security breaches and potential data loss.

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Grafana Service Account Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Grafana Service Account Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Grafana Service Account Token usage and improve the overall security of your Grafana Service Account Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Grafana Service Account Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Grafana Service Account Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Grafana Service Account Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Grafana Service Account Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Grafana Service Account Token

Generate a new Grafana Service Account Token:

  • Log into your Grafana Service Account Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Grafana Service Account Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Grafana Service Account Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
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child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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