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My Oracle Credential leaked! What should I do?

What is a Oracle Credential and how it is used?

An Oracle Credential is a set of username and password used to authenticate and access Oracle databases and services.

Here are the main use cases for Oracle Credential:

  • Authentication: Oracle Credential is used to authenticate users and applications to access Oracle databases securely.
  • Authorization: Oracle Credential is used to determine the level of access and permissions a user or application has within the Oracle database.
  • Secure Data Access: Oracle Credential is used to securely access and manipulate sensitive data stored in Oracle databases, ensuring data confidentiality and integrity.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Oracle Credential hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for Oracle credentials in your code can be a secure practice for several reasons:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure through version control or code sharing.
  • Environment variables can be stored securely on the server where the application is deployed, limiting access to authorized personnel.
  • Environment variables can be easily rotated or changed without modifying the code, providing a flexible and efficient way to manage credentials.
  • Access to environment variables can be restricted through proper server configuration and access controls, enhancing the overall security of the application.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Oracle Credential hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Oracle Credentials is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Oracle Credential from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Oracle Credential hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Oracle Credentials is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Oracle Credential using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Oracle Credential is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Oracle Credential hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Oracle Credential is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Oracle Credential from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Oracle Credential?

To generate an Oracle Credential, developers can follow these steps:

  • Log in to the Oracle Cloud Console.
  • Click on the profile icon at the top right corner and select "User Settings".
  • Under "Resources", click on "Auth Tokens".
  • Click on "Generate Token" and provide a description for the token.
  • Click on "Generate Token" again to create the credential.

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My Oracle Credential leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why an Oracle Credential might have been leaked:

  • Weak password: If the password used for the Oracle Credential is weak or easily guessable, it can be easily compromised.
  • Sharing credentials: If developers share their Oracle Credentials with others or store them in shared repositories, there is a higher risk of them being leaked.
  • Improper storage: Storing Oracle Credentials in plain text files or hardcoding them in code increases the chances of them being exposed.
  • Insufficient access controls: Inadequate access controls on systems or databases containing Oracle Credentials can lead to unauthorized access and leakage.
  • Phishing attacks: Developers falling victim to phishing attacks or social engineering tactics may unknowingly disclose their Oracle Credentials.

What are the risks of leaking a Oracle Credential

When it comes to Oracle Credentials, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking such sensitive information. Here are some specific risks:

  • Data Breaches: Leaking Oracle Credentials can lead to unauthorized access to databases, potentially resulting in data breaches and compromising sensitive information.
  • Data Manipulation: Attackers with access to Oracle Credentials can manipulate data within databases, leading to data corruption or unauthorized modifications.
  • Financial Loss: Unauthorized access to Oracle databases can result in financial loss for organizations, through theft of intellectual property or fraudulent activities.
  • Reputation Damage: A data breach or security incident due to leaked Oracle Credentials can severely damage the reputation of an organization, leading to loss of trust from customers and stakeholders.

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Oracle Credential security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Oracle Credential in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Oracle Credential usage and improve the overall security of your Oracle Credential implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Oracle Credential leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Oracle Credential was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Oracle Credential account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Oracle Credential. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Oracle Credential

Generate a new Oracle Credential:

  • Log into your Oracle Credential account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Oracle Credential:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Oracle Credential.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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