đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Pingdom Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Pingdom Token and how it is used?

A Pingdom Token is a unique identifier used to authenticate and authorize requests made to the Pingdom API for monitoring website performance and uptime.

Developers should understand the main use cases of the Pingdom Token:

  • Authentication: The Pingdom Token is used to authenticate and authorize requests made to the Pingdom API, allowing developers to securely access and manage their monitoring data.
  • Monitoring Configuration: Developers can use the Pingdom Token to configure and customize their monitoring settings, such as setting up checks, alerts, and maintenance windows.
  • Data Retrieval: The Pingdom Token enables developers to retrieve monitoring data and metrics from the Pingdom platform, helping them analyze performance, identify issues, and make informed decisions for their applications.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Pingdom Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like Pingdom Token in your code is considered a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure in version control systems.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the codebase, making it harder for attackers to access them directly.
  • Environment variables can be managed separately from the code, allowing for easier rotation and management of sensitive information.
  • Environment variables are typically encrypted when stored, adding an extra layer of security.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Pingdom Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Pingdom Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Pingdom Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Pingdom Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Pingdom Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Pingdom Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Pingdom Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Pingdom Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Pingdom Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Pingdom Token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Pingdom Token?

To generate a Pingdom Token, follow these steps:

  1. Login to your Pingdom account.
  2. Go to the "Account" section.
  3. Under the "API Tokens" tab, click on "Create Token".
  4. Give your token a name and select the permissions you want to grant.
  5. Click on "Create Token" to generate the token.

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My Pingdom Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Pingdom token might have been leaked, including:

  • Improper storage: If the token is stored in a publicly accessible location, such as in a code repository or a configuration file that is not properly secured, it can be easily accessed by unauthorized parties.
  • Weak encryption: If the token is encrypted using weak encryption algorithms or methods, it can be decrypted by attackers with sufficient knowledge and resources.
  • Shared credentials: If the token is shared among multiple developers or stored in shared accounts, the risk of leakage increases as more individuals have access to it.
  • Logging and debugging: If the token is inadvertently logged in plaintext or included in error messages during debugging, it can be exposed to anyone with access to the logs.

What are the risks of leaking a Pingdom Token

As a security trainer, it's crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking a Pingdom Token. Here are some specific risks related to the exposure of a Pingdom Token:

  • Unauthorized Access: If a Pingdom Token is leaked, unauthorized individuals may gain access to sensitive information and resources within the Pingdom account.
  • Financial Loss: Attackers could potentially exploit the leaked Pingdom Token to incur financial losses by manipulating monitoring settings or causing service disruptions.
  • Reputation Damage: A data breach resulting from a leaked Pingdom Token can lead to a loss of trust from clients, customers, and stakeholders, damaging the reputation of the organization.
  • Legal Consequences: Depending on the nature of the leaked information and the applicable regulations, the organization may face legal consequences and penalties for failing to protect sensitive data.

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Pingdom Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Pingdom Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Pingdom Token usage and improve the overall security of your Pingdom Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Pingdom Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Pingdom Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Pingdom Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Pingdom Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Pingdom Token

Generate a new Pingdom Token:

  • Log into your Pingdom Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Pingdom Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Pingdom Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
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