Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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My Rollbar API Access Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Rollbar API Access Token and how it is used?

A Rollbar API Access Token is a unique identifier that allows access to the Rollbar API for managing and monitoring error tracking and logging in applications.

Here are the main use cases for the Rollbar API Access Token:

  • Authenticating API requests: The API Access Token is used to authenticate and authorize API requests made to the Rollbar platform, ensuring that only authorized users can access and interact with the data and resources.
  • Integrating with third-party tools: Developers can use the API Access Token to integrate Rollbar with other tools and services, allowing for seamless communication and data sharing between different systems.
  • Automating tasks and workflows: By leveraging the API Access Token, developers can automate various tasks and workflows within the Rollbar platform, streamlining processes and improving efficiency.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Rollbar API Access Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like API access tokens is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the code, making it less likely for the token to be exposed in version control systems or other public places.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure or unauthorized access.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and updated without the need to modify the code, improving security maintenance processes.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Rollbar API Access Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Rollbar API Access Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Rollbar API Access Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Rollbar API Access Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Rollbar API Access Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Rollbar API Access Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Rollbar API Access Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Rollbar API Access Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Rollbar API Access Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Rollbar API Access Token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Rollbar API Access Token?

To generate a Rollbar API Access Token, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your Rollbar account.
  2. Go to the dashboard and click on the project you want to generate the token for.
  3. Click on the "Settings" tab.
  4. Under the "Access Tokens" section, click on "Create Access Token".
  5. Enter a name for the token and select the desired permissions.
  6. Click on "Create Token" to generate the API Access Token.

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My Rollbar API Access Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Rollbar API Access Token might have been leaked:

  • Weak or insecure storage of the token in code repositories or configuration files.
  • Accidental exposure of the token in logs or error messages.
  • Sharing the token with unauthorized users or third-party services.
  • Using the token in insecure environments or untrusted networks.
  • Failure to regularly rotate or update the token for security purposes.

What are the risks of leaking a Rollbar API Access Token

As a security trainer, it's crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking a Rollbar API Access Token. Here are some specific risks to highlight:

  • Data Breaches: If a Rollbar API Access Token is leaked, it can potentially lead to unauthorized access to sensitive data stored in Rollbar, such as error logs and performance metrics.
  • Account Takeover: With a leaked API Access Token, attackers can gain control of a developer's Rollbar account, potentially causing damage to the application and compromising its security.
  • Financial Loss: Unauthorized access to a Rollbar account can result in financial loss due to fraudulent activities or data manipulation.
  • Reputation Damage: A security breach caused by a leaked API Access Token can tarnish the developer's reputation and erode trust with users and stakeholders.

It's important for developers to implement robust security measures to protect their API Access Tokens and regularly monitor for any potential leaks or unauthorized access. By following best practices in secret management and detection, developers can mitigate the risks associated with leaking sensitive information like Rollbar API Access Tokens.

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Rollbar API Access Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Rollbar API Access Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Rollbar API Access Token usage and improve the overall security of your Rollbar API Access Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Rollbar API Access Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Rollbar API Access Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Rollbar API Access Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Rollbar API Access Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Rollbar API Access Token

Generate a new Rollbar API Access Token:

  • Log into your Rollbar API Access Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Rollbar API Access Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Rollbar API Access Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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