Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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Gartner®: Avoid Mobile Application Security Pitfalls

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My Splunk User Credential leaked! What should I do?

What is a Splunk User Credential and how it is used?

A Splunk User Credential is a set of login credentials (username and password) that allows a user to access and interact with a Splunk instance.

When it comes to Splunk User Credentials, developers should understand the following main use cases:

  • Authentication: Splunk User Credentials are used for authenticating users and granting access to the Splunk platform. This ensures that only authorized individuals can log in and perform actions within the system.
  • Authorization: User Credentials are also used for determining the level of access and permissions that each user has within Splunk. This helps in maintaining security and ensuring that users can only access the data and features that they are allowed to.
  • Auditing and Logging: Splunk User Credentials are essential for auditing and logging user activities within the platform. By using unique credentials for each user, it becomes easier to track and monitor who is performing actions, when they are doing so, and what changes are being made.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Splunk User Credential hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing Splunk User Credentials in your code is considered a secure practice for the following reasons:

  • Environment variables are not hardcoded in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure through version control systems or code sharing.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the codebase, making it harder for attackers to access the credentials by analyzing the code.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and rotated without the need to modify the code, enhancing security by regularly updating credentials.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Splunk User Credential hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Splunk User Credentials is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Splunk User Credential from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Splunk User Credential hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Splunk User Credentials is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Splunk User Credential using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Splunk User Credential is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Splunk User Credential hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Splunk User Credential is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Splunk User Credential from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Splunk User Credential?

To generate a Splunk User Credential, developers can follow these steps:

  1. Log in to the Splunk web interface.
  2. Click on the Settings menu in the top right corner.
  3. Select "Access Controls" from the dropdown menu.
  4. Click on the "Users" tab.
  5. Click on the "New User" button to create a new user.
  6. Enter the necessary information for the new user, such as username, password, and any additional permissions.
  7. Click on the "Save" button to create the new user credential.

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My Splunk User Credential leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Splunk User Credential might have been leaked:

  • Weak password: If the user set a weak or easily guessable password, it can be easily compromised.
  • Phishing attacks: Users may fall victim to phishing emails or websites that trick them into revealing their credentials.
  • Malware: Malicious software on the user's device can capture their credentials without their knowledge.
  • Insider threat: An employee or insider with access to the credentials may leak them intentionally or unintentionally.
  • Unsecured storage: Storing credentials in an insecure location or sharing them inappropriately can lead to leaks.

What are the risks of leaking a Splunk User Credential

When it comes to Splunk User Credentials, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking this sensitive information. Here are some specific risks that developers should be aware of:

  • Unauthorized Access: If a Splunk User Credential is leaked, it can lead to unauthorized access to the Splunk platform. This can result in malicious actors gaining access to sensitive data and potentially causing harm to the organization.
  • Data Breaches: Leaking a Splunk User Credential can also increase the risk of data breaches. Hackers can exploit this information to infiltrate the system, steal data, and compromise the integrity of the organization's data.
  • Reputation Damage: In the event of a security incident caused by a leaked Splunk User Credential, the organization's reputation can be severely damaged. This can lead to loss of trust from customers, partners, and stakeholders.
  • Financial Loss: Data breaches and security incidents resulting from leaked credentials can also lead to financial losses for the organization. This can include costs associated with investigating the incident, implementing security measures, and potential legal liabilities.

It is important for developers to prioritize the protection of Splunk User Credentials and follow best practices for secret management and detection to mitigate these risks and ensure the security of the organization's data and systems.

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Splunk User Credential security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Splunk User Credential in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Splunk User Credential usage and improve the overall security of your Splunk User Credential implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Splunk User Credential leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Splunk User Credential was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Splunk User Credential account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Splunk User Credential. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Splunk User Credential

Generate a new Splunk User Credential:

  • Log into your Splunk User Credential account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Splunk User Credential:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Splunk User Credential.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

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child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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