đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Terraform Cloud Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Terraform Cloud Token and how it is used?

A Terraform Cloud Token is a unique authentication key that allows access to Terraform Cloud resources and enables automation of infrastructure provisioning and management.

Here are the main use cases for Terraform Cloud Token:

  • Authentication: Terraform Cloud Token is used to authenticate and authorize access to Terraform Cloud, allowing developers to securely interact with their infrastructure.
  • Secret Management: Developers can store sensitive information, such as API keys or passwords, securely in Terraform Cloud using tokens, ensuring that this information is protected and not exposed in code repositories.
  • Automated Workflows: Terraform Cloud Tokens can be used in automated workflows to manage and deploy infrastructure as code, enabling continuous integration and deployment processes with enhanced security.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Terraform Cloud Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information such as Terraform Cloud Tokens in your code is a secure practice for several reasons:

  • Environment variables are not stored directly in the codebase, reducing the risk of exposure in case of a breach or leak.
  • Environment variables can be set at runtime, allowing you to keep sensitive information separate from your code and easily manage access.
  • Environment variables are specific to the environment in which they are set, providing an additional layer of security by limiting access to the sensitive data.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Terraform Cloud Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Terraform Cloud Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Terraform Cloud Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Terraform Cloud Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Terraform Cloud Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Terraform Cloud Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Terraform Cloud Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Terraform Cloud Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Terraform Cloud Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Terraform Cloud Token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Terraform Cloud Token?

To generate a Terraform Cloud Token, developers need to follow these steps:

  1. Log in to Terraform Cloud
  2. Click on the user icon in the top right corner
  3. Select "User Settings" from the dropdown menu
  4. Go to the "Tokens" section
  5. Click on the "Create API token" button
  6. Enter a description for the token
  7. Choose the permissions for the token
  8. Click on the "Create token" button

Once the token is created, developers can use it in their Terraform configurations to authenticate and interact with Terraform Cloud resources.

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My Terraform Cloud Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Terraform Cloud Token might have been leaked:

  • Improper storage: Storing the token in a plaintext file or code repository where it can be easily accessed by unauthorized parties.
  • Sharing credentials: Sharing the token with team members or third parties without proper security measures in place.
  • Logging: Accidentally logging the token in log files or debug output that can be viewed by unauthorized users.
  • Weak access controls: Allowing users with unnecessary permissions to access the token, increasing the risk of leakage.
  • Phishing attacks: Falling victim to phishing attacks where attackers trick individuals into revealing their credentials.

What are the risks of leaking a Terraform Cloud Token

When it comes to Terraform Cloud Tokens, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking this sensitive information. Here are some key points to consider:

  • A Terraform Cloud Token provides access to your Terraform Cloud account and resources. If leaked, an unauthorized individual could potentially make changes to your infrastructure, access sensitive data, or even destroy resources.
  • Leaking a Terraform Cloud Token can lead to significant financial losses, reputational damage, and legal implications. It is important to treat this token with the same level of security as you would with a password or API key.
  • Developers should never hardcode Terraform Cloud Tokens in code repositories or configuration files. Instead, they should utilize secure secret management tools and practices to store and retrieve these tokens securely.
  • Regularly monitor and audit the usage of Terraform Cloud Tokens to detect any unauthorized access or suspicious activities. Implementing proper detection mechanisms can help mitigate the risks of token leakage.
  • Educate all team members on the importance of safeguarding Terraform Cloud Tokens and the potential consequences of mishandling this critical information. Security awareness and best practices should be ingrained in the development process.

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Terraform Cloud Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Terraform Cloud Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Terraform Cloud Token usage and improve the overall security of your Terraform Cloud Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Terraform Cloud Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Terraform Cloud Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Terraform Cloud Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Terraform Cloud Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Terraform Cloud Token

Generate a new Terraform Cloud Token:

  • Log into your Terraform Cloud Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Terraform Cloud Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Terraform Cloud Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
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child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
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