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My Zoom API Key leaked! What should I do?

What is a Zoom API Key and how it is used?

A Zoom API Key is a unique identifier that allows developers to authenticate and access the Zoom API for integrating Zoom's video conferencing and communication features into their applications.

When using the Zoom API Key, developers should keep in mind the following main use cases:

  • Integration with Zoom SDKs: The Zoom API Key is used to integrate Zoom functionality into custom applications, allowing developers to leverage features such as video conferencing, webinars, and chat within their own platforms.
  • Authentication and Authorization: The Zoom API Key is crucial for authenticating and authorizing requests made to the Zoom API. It helps ensure that only authorized applications can access and interact with Zoom's services.
  • Managing Meetings and Webinars: Developers can use the Zoom API Key to create, update, and manage meetings and webinars programmatically. This includes scheduling, inviting participants, and retrieving information about past meetings.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Zoom API Key hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information such as a Zoom API Key in your code is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of accidental exposure.
  • Environment variables are not typically stored in the version control system, adding an extra layer of security.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and rotated without changing the code.
  • Environment variables are specific to the environment in which the code is running, limiting access to the sensitive information.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Zoom API Key hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Zoom API Keys is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Zoom API Key from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Zoom API Key hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Zoom API Keys is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Zoom API Key using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Zoom API Key is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Zoom API Key hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Zoom API Key is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Zoom API Key from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Zoom API Key?

To generate a Zoom API Key, developers need to follow these steps:

  • Sign in to the Zoom Developer Console.
  • Create a new app by clicking on the "Create" button.
  • Fill out the required information for the app, such as the app name and description.
  • Once the app is created, navigate to the "App Credentials" section.
  • Generate the API Key and API Secret by clicking on the "Generate" button.
  • Copy and securely store the API Key and API Secret for use in your application.

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My Zoom API Key leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Zoom API Key might have been leaked, including:

  • Improper storage: If the API key is stored in plaintext in code or configuration files, it can be easily accessed by unauthorized users.
  • Accidental exposure: Developers might mistakenly include the API key in public repositories or share it in communication channels without realizing the sensitivity of the information.
  • Insufficient access controls: If the API key is not properly protected with access controls and permissions, it can be accessed by unauthorized individuals.
  • Compromised systems: If the systems storing the API key are compromised by attackers, they can gain access to the key and misuse it.

What are the risks of leaking a Zoom API Key

Leaking a Zoom API Key can pose serious security risks for both the developer and the organization. It's important for developers to understand the implications of exposing this sensitive information, as it can lead to various security threats and potential breaches. Here are some specific risks associated with leaking a Zoom API Key:

  • Unauthorized access: Hackers can use the leaked API Key to gain unauthorized access to the Zoom account and potentially view sensitive information or disrupt meetings.
  • Data breaches: Exposing the API Key can result in data breaches, where confidential information shared during Zoom meetings could be compromised.
  • Financial loss: If the API Key is misused, it could lead to financial loss for the organization, as hackers may exploit it for fraudulent activities.
  • Reputation damage: A security incident caused by a leaked API Key can tarnish the organization's reputation and erode trust with customers and partners.
  • Legal implications: Depending on the nature of the breach, there may be legal consequences for the organization, especially if sensitive data is exposed due to the leaked API Key.

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Zoom API Key security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Zoom API Key in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Zoom API Key usage and improve the overall security of your Zoom API Key implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Zoom API Key leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Zoom API Key was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Zoom API Key account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Zoom API Key. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Zoom API Key

Generate a new Zoom API Key:

  • Log into your Zoom API Key account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Zoom API Key:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Zoom API Key.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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