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My Zoom SDK Key leaked! What should I do?

What is a Zoom SDK Key and how it is used?

A Zoom SDK Key is a unique identifier that is used to authenticate and authorize access to the Zoom software development kit (SDK) for integrating Zoom video conferencing capabilities into applications.

When using the Zoom SDK Key, developers should be aware of the following main use cases:

  • Authentication: The Zoom SDK Key is used to authenticate the application with the Zoom platform, allowing developers to securely access Zoom's features and services.
  • Authorization: The Zoom SDK Key is also used for authorization purposes, ensuring that only authorized applications are able to interact with Zoom's APIs and resources.
  • Integration: Developers use the Zoom SDK Key to seamlessly integrate Zoom's video conferencing and communication capabilities into their own applications, providing users with a seamless and reliable experience.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Zoom SDK Key hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like a Zoom SDK Key in your code is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, making it harder for attackers to access them directly.
  • Environment variables are stored outside of the code repository, reducing the risk of accidental exposure through code leaks.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and rotated without having to modify the code, enhancing security by reducing the exposure window of sensitive information.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Zoom SDK Key hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Zoom SDK Keys is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Zoom SDK Key from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Zoom SDK Key hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Zoom SDK Keys is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Zoom SDK Key using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Zoom SDK Key is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Zoom SDK Key hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Zoom SDK Key is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Zoom SDK Key from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Zoom SDK Key?

To generate a Zoom SDK Key, developers need to follow the steps below:

  1. Log in to the Zoom App Marketplace using your Zoom account.
  2. Go to the Develop section and click on "Build App".
  3. Choose the app type you want to create (SDK app) and provide the necessary information.
  4. Once your app is created, navigate to the App Credentials section.
  5. Click on "Generate" next to SDK Key & Secret to create a new SDK Key.
  6. Copy the generated SDK Key and Secret for use in your application.

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My Zoom SDK Key leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Zoom SDK Key might have been leaked:

  • Improper storage: The Zoom SDK Key may have been stored in a publicly accessible location such as a code repository or a shared document, making it vulnerable to unauthorized access.
  • Weak access controls: If the Zoom SDK Key was not properly protected with strong access controls, it could have been accessed by unauthorized individuals or malicious actors.
  • Phishing attacks: Developers or team members may have fallen victim to phishing attacks, where they unknowingly shared the Zoom SDK Key with attackers posing as legitimate entities.
  • Third-party integrations: If the Zoom SDK Key was shared with third-party services or integrations without proper security measures in place, it could have been exposed through those channels.

What are the risks of leaking a Zoom SDK Key

When it comes to secret management, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking a Zoom SDK Key. The Zoom SDK Key is a sensitive piece of information that, if exposed, can lead to serious security implications. Here are some risks developers should be aware of:

  • Unauthorized Access: If a Zoom SDK Key is leaked, unauthorized users could potentially gain access to sensitive data or features within the Zoom platform.
  • Data Breaches: Leaking a Zoom SDK Key could result in a data breach, exposing user information and compromising the security and privacy of users.
  • Financial Loss: In some cases, a leaked Zoom SDK Key could lead to financial loss, such as unauthorized transactions or fraudulent activities.
  • Reputation Damage: A security incident resulting from a leaked Zoom SDK Key can damage the reputation of the developer or organization responsible for the leak.

Therefore, it is essential for developers to implement robust security measures to protect sensitive information like Zoom SDK Keys. This includes using secure storage solutions, implementing access controls, and regularly auditing and monitoring access to these keys to prevent unauthorized exposure.

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Zoom SDK Key security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers
  • Secure storage: store the Zoom SDK Key in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Zoom SDK Key usage and improve the overall security of your Zoom SDK Key implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Zoom SDK Key leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Zoom SDK Key was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Zoom SDK Key account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Zoom SDK Key. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Zoom SDK Key

Generate a new Zoom SDK Key:

  • Log into your Zoom SDK Key account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Zoom SDK Key:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Zoom SDK Key.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
SHOW
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