đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Typeform API Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Typeform API Token and how it is used?

A Typeform API Token is a unique identifier that allows access to the Typeform API, enabling developers to interact with Typeform services programmatically.

When using the Typeform API Token, developers typically utilize it for the following main use cases:

  • Accessing and interacting with the Typeform API to retrieve form data, create new forms, or update existing forms.
  • Integrating Typeform functionality into custom applications or websites to collect survey responses or user input.
  • Automating workflows by connecting Typeform with other tools and services, such as CRM systems or email marketing platforms.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Typeform API Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like API tokens is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not stored in the codebase or version control system, reducing the risk of exposure.
  • They can be easily managed and updated without the need to modify the code.
  • Environment variables are specific to the environment in which the application is running, increasing security by limiting access to the variables.
  • They provide an additional layer of security by separating sensitive information from the code logic.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Typeform API Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Typeform API Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Typeform API Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Typeform API Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Typeform API Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Typeform API Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Typeform API Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Typeform API Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Typeform API Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Typeform API Token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Typeform API Token?

To generate a Typeform API Token, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your Typeform account.
  2. Go to the Account settings.
  3. Click on the "API Tokens" option.
  4. Click on the "Create API Token" button.
  5. Give your token a name and select the permissions you want to grant.
  6. Click on the "Create" button to generate the API Token.

Once the API Token is generated, make sure to securely store it as it will be required for making API requests to Typeform.

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My Typeform API Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Typeform API Token might have been leaked:

  • 1. Insecure storage: If the API Token was stored in a plaintext file or hard-coded in the source code, it could have been easily accessed by unauthorized individuals.
  • 2. Weak access controls: If the API Token was shared with individuals who did not need access to it or if it was not properly restricted, it could have been leaked unintentionally.
  • 3. Phishing attacks: Developers may have fallen victim to phishing attacks where they unknowingly shared their API Token with malicious actors posing as legitimate entities.
  • 4. Compromised systems: If the systems where the API Token was stored were compromised due to vulnerabilities or security breaches, the token could have been exposed.

What are the risks of leaking a Typeform API Token

As a security trainer, it is crucial for developers to understand the risks associated with leaking a Typeform API Token. Here are some specific risks to consider:

  • Unauthorized Access: If the Typeform API Token is leaked, unauthorized individuals or applications could gain access to sensitive data or functionality within the Typeform account.
  • Data Breach: Leaking the API Token could potentially lead to a data breach, where confidential information stored in Typeform could be exposed or compromised.
  • Financial Loss: In some cases, a leaked API Token could be used by malicious actors to incur financial losses, such as through fraudulent transactions or unauthorized access to paid services.
  • Reputation Damage: A security incident resulting from a leaked API Token can damage the reputation of the developer, their organization, or any clients or users associated with the affected system.

It is essential for developers to implement robust security practices to protect sensitive information like API Tokens, including using secure storage mechanisms, restricting access to authorized personnel only, and regularly monitoring for any signs of unauthorized access or leakage.

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Typeform API Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Typeform API Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Typeform API Token usage and improve the overall security of your Typeform API Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Typeform API Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Typeform API Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Typeform API Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Typeform API Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Typeform API Token

Generate a new Typeform API Token:

  • Log into your Typeform API Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Typeform API Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Typeform API Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
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