đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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đź“… Webinar - Delivering Security on Your Terms: An Intro to Self-Hosted

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My Vercel API Access Token leaked! What should I do?

What is a Vercel API Access Token and how it is used?

A Vercel API Access Token is a unique string of characters that grants access to the Vercel API, allowing developers to interact with and manage their Vercel projects programmatically.

Here are the main use cases for the Vercel API Access Token:

  • Authentication: The Vercel API Access Token is used to authenticate and authorize requests made to the Vercel API. It allows developers to securely interact with the Vercel platform and perform actions such as deploying projects, managing domains, and accessing project settings.
  • Automated Deployments: Developers can use the Vercel API Access Token to automate deployment processes, such as continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD) pipelines. By providing the token to CI/CD tools, developers can seamlessly deploy their projects to Vercel without manual intervention.
  • Integration with Third-Party Services: The Vercel API Access Token can be used to integrate Vercel with third-party services and tools. For example, developers can use the token to trigger deployments from external systems, synchronize project configurations, or automate workflows that involve interactions with the Vercel platform.

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1. Code snippets to prevent Vercel API Access Token hardcoding using environment variables

Using environment variables for storing sensitive information like API access tokens is a secure practice because:

  • Environment variables are not hard-coded in the codebase, reducing the risk of exposure.
  • Environment variables are stored separately from the code and are not accessible to unauthorized users.
  • Environment variables can be easily managed and rotated without changing the code.
  • Environment variables are specific to the environment in which the code is running, adding an extra layer of security.

How to secure your secrets using environment variables

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2. Code snippet to prevent Vercel API Access Token hardcoding using AWS Secrets Manager

Using AWS Secrets Manager to manage Vercel API Access Tokens is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Vercel API Access Token from AWS Secrets Manager.

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3. Code snippet to prevent Vercel API Access Token hardcoding using HashiCorp Vault

Using HashiCorp Vault for managing Vercel API Access Tokens is a great way to enhance security. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages for securely handling a Vercel API Access Token using HashiCorp Vault.

Remember to replace the VAULT_ADDR and VAULT_TOKEN with your Vault server address and authentication token. The snippets assume that the Vercel API Access Token is stored under the api_key field within Vault. The specifics of the Vault path and field names should be adjusted to match your Vault setup.

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4. Code snippet to prevent Vercel API Access Token hardcoding using CyberArk Conjur

Using CyberArk Conjur to manage Vercel API Access Token is a secure way to handle sensitive data. Here are code snippets in five different programming languages that demonstrate how to retrieve the Vercel API Access Token from CyberArk Conjur.

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How to generate a Vercel API Access Token?

To generate a Vercel API Access Token, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your Vercel account.
  2. Go to the "Account Settings" section.
  3. Click on the "Tokens" tab.
  4. Click on the "Create" button to generate a new token.
  5. Give your token a name and set the desired permissions.
  6. Click on the "Create" button to generate the token.

Once the token is generated, make sure to copy and securely store it as it will not be displayed again. You can then use this token to authenticate API requests to Vercel.

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My Vercel API Access Token leaked, what are the possible reasons?

There are several reasons why a Vercel API Access Token might have been leaked:

  • Improper storage: If the token is stored in a repository or configuration file that is publicly accessible, it can be easily leaked.
  • Accidental exposure: Developers may accidentally include the token in code snippets, logs, or error messages that are shared publicly.
  • Weak access controls: If the token is shared with team members who do not have a need to know, it increases the risk of leakage.
  • Compromised systems: If the systems where the token is used are compromised, attackers may gain access to the token.
  • Phishing attacks: Developers may fall victim to phishing attacks that trick them into revealing the token.

What are the risks of leaking a Vercel API Access Token

Leaking a Vercel API Access Token can pose serious risks to the security of your application and data. It is important for developers to understand the specific risks associated with exposing this token:

  • Unauthorized Access: If an attacker gains access to your Vercel API Access Token, they can potentially perform unauthorized actions on your Vercel account, such as deploying malicious code or accessing sensitive information.
  • Data Breach: Exposing the Vercel API Access Token can lead to a data breach, where confidential information stored on your Vercel account may be compromised.
  • Financial Loss: Attackers could exploit the leaked token to incur costs on your Vercel account, such as deploying resources or running heavy workloads, leading to unexpected financial losses.
  • Reputation Damage: A security incident resulting from a leaked Vercel API Access Token can damage the reputation of your organization, leading to loss of trust from customers and partners.

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Vercel API Access Token security best practices

  • Avoid embedding the secret directly in your code. Instead, use environment variables or secrets managers‍
  • Secure storage: store the Vercel API Access Token in a secure location, such as a password manager or a secrets management service.
  • Regular rotation: periodically rotate the API key to minimize the risk of long-term exposure.
  • Restrict permissions: apply the principle of least privilege by only granting the key the minimum necessary permissions.
  • Monitor usage: regularly check the usage logs for any unusual activity or unauthorized access attempts.
  • Implement access controls: limit the number of users who have access to the secret and enforce strong authentication measures.
  • Use a secrets manager: utilize secret management tools like CyberArk or AWS Secrets Manager for enhanced security.

By adhering to the best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk associated with Vercel API Access Token usage and improve the overall security of your Vercel API Access Token implementations.

Exposing secrets on GitHub: What to do after leaking Credential and API keys

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Vercel API Access Token leak remediation: what to do

What to do if you expose a secret: How to stay calm and respond to an incident [cheat sheet included]

How to check if Vercel API Access Token was used by malicious actors

  • Review Access Logs: Check the access logs of your Vercel API Access Token account for any unauthorized access or unusual activity. Pay particular attention to access from unfamiliar IP addresses (if you haven’t set up a specific allow list) or at odd hours.
  • Monitor Usage Patterns: Look for anomalies in the usage patterns, such as unexpected spikes in data access or transfer.
  • Check Active Connections and Operations: Review the list of active connections and recent operations on your database. Unusual or unauthorized operations might indicate malicious use.
  • Audit API Usage: If possible, audit the usage of your API key through any logging or monitoring services you have integrated with Vercel API Access Token. This can give insights into any unauthorized use of your key.

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Steps to revoke the Vercel API Access Token

Generate a new Vercel API Access Token:

  • Log into your Vercel API Access Token account.
  • Navigate to the API section and generate a new API key.

Update Services with the new key:

  • Replace the compromised key with the new key in all your services that use this API key.
  • Ensure all your applications and services are updated with the new key before deactivating the old one.

Deactivate the old Vercel API Access Token:

  • Once the new key is in place and everything is functioning correctly, deactivate the old API key.
  • This can typically be done from the same section where you generated the new key.

Monitor after key rotation:

  • After deactivating the old key, monitor your systems closely to ensure that all services are running smoothly and that there are no unauthorized access attempts.

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How to understand which services will stop working

  • Inventory of services: keep an inventory of all services and applications that utilize your Vercel API Access Token.
  • Communication and documentation: Ensure that your team is aware of which services are dependent on the key. Maintain documentation for quick reference.
  • Testing: before deactivating the old key, test your services with the new key in a staging environment. This helps in identifying any services that might face issues post rotation.
  • Fallback strategies: Have a fallback or emergency plan in case a critical service fails after the key rotation. This might include temporary measures or quick rollback procedures.

In summary, the remediation process involves identifying potential misuse, carefully rotating the key, and ensuring minimal disruption to services. Being proactive and having a well-documented process can greatly reduce the risks associated with a compromised API key.

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What about other secrets?

GitGuardian helps developers keep 350+ types of secrets out of source code. GitGuardian’s automated secrets detection and remediation solution secure every step of the development lifecycle, from code to cloud:

  • On developer workstations with git hooks (pre-commit and pre-push);
  • On code sharing platforms like GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket;
  • In CI environments (Circle CI, Travis CI, Jenkins CI, GitHub Actions, and many more);
  • In Docker images.

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Environment Variables
Environment Variables
Environment Variables

charge

nullable string

For card errors, the ID of the failed charge.

payment_method_type

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

doc_url

nullable string

A URL to more information about the error code reported.

request_log_url

nullable string

A URL to the request log entry in your dashboard.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

charge

nullable string

If the error is specific to the type of payment method, the payment method type that had a problem. This field is only populated for invoice-related errors.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

payment_intent

nullable object

The PaymentIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a PaymentIntent.

setup_intent

nullable object

The SetupIntent object for errors returned on a request involving a SetupIntent.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

Hide
Show
child attributes

type

enum

For some errors that could be handled programmatically, a short string indicating the error code reported.

CLIENT LIBRARIES

$ gem install stripe
$ pip install stripe
$ composer require stripe/stripe-php
MAVEN
<dependency>
  <groupId>com.stripe</groupId>
  <artifactId>stripe-java</artifactId>
  <version>24.16.0</version>
</dependency>

GRADLE
compile "com.stripe:stripe-java:24.16.0"
$ npm install --save stripe
$ go get github.com/stripe/stripe-go/v76
$ nuget install Stripe.net
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